Thought for the day

"It will give us, for a course of years, good government and then only end, due to the corruption of the people, in despotism, which will be the only form of government suitable for them." -- Benjamin Franklin on the Constitution Philadelphia, 1789.


Many Americans first encountered the phrase "The American Way" on giant billboards that had spread to hundreds of American cities and towns by 1938.

While shopping for groceries, going to work, or entering an empty stretch of highway, they're suddenly struck by a giant tableau of a cheerful American family greeting Dad at the end of the workday, or a family gathering. Were taking a Sunday drive with the dog.

This photo was taken by Dorothea Lange in 1936, while employed by the US government's Farm Security Administration (FSA) program, which was formed to raise awareness of and support poor farmers during the Great Depression.

In Nipomo, California, Lang came with Florence Owens Thompson and her children to a camp full of farm workers whose livelihoods had been devastated by the failure of pea crops.

This interesting photo, taken in 1919, shows New York Central Railroad employees at a celebration at Victory Way, showing a pyramid of recovered German helmets in front of Grand Central Terminal. At the end of the war there were over 12,000 German Pickelhausen on the pyramid, shipped from warehouses in Germany.

Victory Way was established on Park Avenue to raise funds for the 5th War Loan, and a pyramid of 12,000 helmets was built at each end, along with other German war equipment. There is a hollow supporting structure under the helmet.

At least 10 armed groups in Colombia, including former members of the FARC rebels who reject a peace deal and the Clan del Golfo crime gang, have agreed to participate in unilateral ceasefires, the government said on Wednesday.

President Gustavo Petro, who took office in August, has promised to seek "total peace" with armed groups, fully implementing a 2016 peace accord with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and meeting with dissidents and gangs.

Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev embraces staunch communist and general secretary of the Communist Party (SED) Eric Honecker as members of the SED during the 11th SED Party Congress in East Berlin on April 17, 1986.

The socialist fraternal kiss or socialist fraternal embrace was a special form of greeting among the politicians of communist countries. This act demonstrated the special relationship that existed between the socialist states.

At the end of the war, millions were killed and millions were left homeless, the European economy collapsed, and much of European industrial infrastructure was destroyed.

The Soviet Union was also badly affected. The borders were redrawn and homecoming, expulsion and burial was underway. But large-scale reconstruction efforts had just begun.

The Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupted on 13 November 1985. Pyroclastic flows emanating from the crater melted the mountain's icecap, forming lahars (volcanic mud and debris flows), which fell into the river valleys below.

A wave with three pulses did the most damage. Traveling at 6 meters (20 ft) per second, the first pulse engulfed most of the city of Armero, killing 20,000 people; Two pulses later weakened the buildings. Another wave killed 1,800 people in nearby Chinchina. A total of 23,000 people died and 13 villages were destroyed in addition to Armero.